Mergers & acquisition, acquisition of trademark, merger of trademarks, Trademark protection in M&A, Ebizfiling.

What Happens to Trademarks During Mergers or Acquisitions?


In today’s business world, mergers and acquisitions are common occurrences as companies seek to expand and increase their market share. During a merger or acquisition, one of the important factors that need to be considered is the transfer of intellectual property rights, including trademarks. Trademarks are valuable assets that are used to protect a company’s brand identity, and their transfer requires careful consideration to ensure they are not lost or diluted in the process. This article explores what happens to trademarks in a merger or acquisition and the steps that need to be taken to protect them.

What is a Trademark?

A trademark is a unique symbol, word, or phrase that identifies and distinguishes a company’s goods or services from those of its competitors. Trademarks are protected by law and are used to prevent others from using similar marks that could cause confusion among consumers. Trademarks can be registered with the relevant authorities to gain additional legal protection.

What Happens to Trademarks During Mergers or Acquisitions?

In a merger or acquisition, the ownership of trademarks can be transferred in a few different ways. The most common methods are assignment, licensing, and merger.

  • Assignment: Assignment includes the transfer of ownership of the trademark from one party to another. In this scenario, the acquiring company becomes the new owner of the trademark and assumes all rights and responsibilities associated with it.

  • Licensing: Licensing involves the granting of permission to use a trademark by the trademark owner to the acquiring company. The acquiring company would be allowed to use the trademark in accordance with the licensing agreement, but ownership would remain with the original trademark owner.

  • Merger: Merger involves the combination of two companies to form a new legal entity. In this case, the trademarks owned by the merged companies would be consolidated into the new entity, and ownership of the trademarks would transfer to the new company.

In any of these scenarios, it is essential to ensure that the transfer of the trademark is properly documented and registered with the relevant authorities to ensure legal protection.

What are the steps to protect trademarks in a merger or acquisition?

When going through a merger or acquisition, it is crucial to take steps to protect trademarks to avoid potential legal disputes or loss of brand identity. The following steps should be taken:

  1. Conduct a Trademark Audit 

Before the merger or acquisition, it is essential to conduct a trademark audit to identify all trademarks owned by the companies involved. The audit should include an analysis of the trademarks‘ legal status, including their registration and use, to ensure that they are not at risk of being challenged or invalidated.

  1. Determine Ownership 

It is important to determine the ownership of the trademarks to be transferred. In cases where there is joint ownership, it is necessary to establish how the ownership rights will be divided and transferred.

  1. Identify Potential Conflicts

It is crucial to identify potential conflicts with existing trademarks or pending applications to avoid legal disputes or infringement claims. If conflicts are identified, it may be necessary to take steps to resolve them, such as rebranding or obtaining consent from the trademark owner.

  1. Consider International Trademark Protection

If the merger or acquisition involves companies with a global presence, it may be necessary to consider international trademark protection. This may involve registering trademarks in foreign countries or taking steps to protect trademarks under international treaties and agreements.


In a merger or acquisition, trademarks are valuable assets that require careful consideration to ensure they are properly protected. The transfer of ownership or licensing of trademarks requires proper documentation and registration with relevant authorities to ensure legal protection. Companies going through a merger or acquisition should conduct a trademark audit, determine ownership, identify potential conflicts, and consider international trademark protection to protect their brand identity and prevent legal disputes. By taking these steps, companies can ensure a smooth transfer of their intellectual property rights and protect their valuable trademarks.


Suggested Read: Difference between Trademark Assignment and Trademark Licensing

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Author: siddhi-jain

Siddhi Jain (B.A.LLB) is a young and passionate Content Writer at Ebizfiling Private Limited. She enjoys reading and writing about legal topics and simplifying complex legal concepts for a wider audience. Her goal is to continue growing as a content writer and to become a subject matter expert in legal and business topics.

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