Advantages of Private Limited Company, प्राइवेट लिमिटेड कंपनी के फायदे, प्राइवेट लिमिटेड कंपनी, प्राइवेट लिमिटेड कंपनी नुकसान,

Advantages and disadvantages of Private Limited Company

Before starting a business, there are many things that run through our mind and one question that comes to everyone’s mind is whether to incorporate a Private Limited Company or not? What are the Advantages of Private Limited Companies? Are there any disadvantages of a Private Limited Company?


What is a Private Limited Company?

Private Limited Company is formed lawfully with Limited Liability or Legal Protection for its shareholders but that places restrictions on its ownership.


A Private Limited Company is a company which is privately held for small businesses. The liability of the members of a Private Limited Company is limited to the number of shares respectively held by them. Shares of Private Limited Company cannot be publicly traded.


Private Limited Company is the simplest and a very popular form of Business Registration in India. It can be registered with a minimum of two people. Limited liability protection to shareholders, ability to raise equity funds, separate legal entity status make it the most recommended type of business entity for millions of small and medium-sized businesses that are family-owned or professionally managed.

Minimum Requirement for Private Limited Company

  • A minimum number of two Directors who are adults.
  • One of the Directors of a Private Limited Company has to be an Indian Citizen and Indian Resident.
  • The other Director(s) can be a Foreign National.
  • It is also required to have two Shareholders of a company.
  • The Shareholders can be natural persons or artificial legal entities.

Private Limited Company Registration Process

Registration of a Pvt Ltd company in India is complete an online process. Recently the MCA has replaced the earlier SPICe form with a new web form called SPICe+ (SPICe Plus). Hence, Incorporating a Private Limited Company is even easier now.

Now you can Incorporate a Private Limited Company, with a single application for Name Reservation, Incorporation, DIN Allotment, Mandatory issue of PAN, TAN, EPFO, ESIC, Profession Tax (Maharashtra), and Opening of Bank Account.

SPICe+ is divided into two parts as follows:

1. Part A: Apply for the Name Reservation of the company in Part A of the form Spice+. It can be used for taking the name approval of the proposed Company and also for filing Company Registration in one go.

2. Part B: In Part B of the Form Spice+, apply for the following services:

  • Incorporation
  • DIN(Director’s Identification Number) allotment
  • Mandatory issue of PAN
  • Compulsory issue of TAN
  • Issue of EPFO registration
  • Mandatory issue of ESIC registration
  • Issue of Profession Tax Registration(Maharashtra)
  • Mandatory Opening of Bank Account for the Company and
  • Allotment of GSTIN (if so applied for)

Advantages of Private Limited Company

No Minimum Capital

No minimum capital is required to form a Private Limited Company. A Private Limited Company can be registered with a mere sum of Rs. 10,000 as total Authorized Share capital.

Separate Legal Entity

A Private Limited Company is a separate legal identity in the court of the law, meaning assets and liabilities of the business are not the same as the assets and liabilities of the Directors. Both are counted as different. A Private Limited Company separates Management and Ownership and thus, managers are responsible for the company’s success and are also answerable for the company’s loss.

Limited Liability

If the company undergoes financial distress because of whatsoever reasons, the personal assets of members will not be used to pay the debts of the Company as the liability of the person is limited.


For e.g. If a Private Limited Company takes any loan and is unable to pay it off, the members are responsible to pay only that much how much they own towards their own shareholding i.e. the unpaid share value. This means, if you have no balance payable towards the number of shares you hold, you are not payable towards any debt payable by the company even if the debt/credit amount remains unpaid.

Fund Raising

A Private Limited Company in India is the only form of business except for Public Limited Companies that can raise funds from Venture Capitalists or Angel investors.

Free & Easy transfer of shares

Shares of a company limited by shares are transferable by a shareholder to any other person. The transfer is easy as compared to the transfer of an interest in a business run as a proprietary concern or a partnership. Filing and signing a share transfer form and handing over the buyer of the shares along with a share certificate can easily transfer shares.

Uninterrupted existence

A Private Limited Company has ‘Perpetual Succession’, which is continued or uninterrupted existence until it is legally dissolved. A company, being a separate legal person, is unaffected by the death or other departure of any member but continues to be in existence irrespective of the changes in membership. ‘Perpetual Succession’ is one of the most important characteristics of a company.

FDI Allowed

In a Private Limited Company, 100% Foreign Direct Investment is allowed that means any foreign entity or foreign person can directly invest in a Private Limited Company.

Builds Credibility

The particulars of the company are available on a public database. This improves the credibility of the company as it makes it easy to authenticate the details

Disadvantages of a Private Limited Company

  • One of the main disadvantages of a Private Limited Company is that it restricts the transferability of shares by its articles.
  • In a Private Limited Company the number of shareholders, in any case, cannot exceed 50.
  • Another disadvantage of a Private Limited Company is that it cannot issue prospectus to the public.
  • In the stock exchange shares cannot be quoted.


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9 thoughts on “Advantages and disadvantages of Private Limited Company

  1. Hi Aravind,

    Thanks for your query. Well shares of Private Limited Company are freely transferable. Though as per the provisions of the articles of association of the company, there may be certain restrictions on Transfer of shares of the private company.

    If you still have any queries, you may get in touch with our team on +919643203209 or mail on

  2. We are a company in the manufacturing industry , wanting to venture into Agriculture industry..We wish to be well structered initially so that there is no problems related to Taxation at later stages..
    Kindly advise if we should do in existing company or in a NEW Formed LLP/PVT Ltd or Proprietorship?
    Which of above is TAX free? KIndly cite the relevant Sections under which you advise the same..
    IS there any special permissions needed from the TEhsildar/Collector /Mantralaya for getting TAX free towards Agricultural business ?
    Are Subsidies allowed to be availed by PVT Ltd Companies ?
    What are PROS and CONS of forming PVT LTD company for purpose of Agricultural production?
    What form of company do you recommend for ensuring TAX Free income?
    IF sufficient capital is not available in Proprietorship, Hows does one Structure the fund transfer to manage the above..

    kind regards

  3. Hello,
    I am planing to have a start up in to bpo sector and i am confused if i should register as a sole proprietor or pvt ltd on initial stages because there is no proper guidance and i am not able to figure out the tax part as well as i am being hesitant to reach out to any other agents, Kindly suggest.

  4. Good day

    Im looking to start my own online fitness wear brand what will be the best entity to register my business under?

    Thank you

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