Regulatory Body, Regulatory Authority, GIFT City, International Financial Services Centre, IFSCA

IFSCA: The Regulatory Body of GIFT City in India.


GIFT City has emerged as a shining beacon of opportunity and growth. This specially designated financial hub, located in Gujarat, India, is attracting businesses, investors, and professionals from all corners of the globe. GIFT City, located in Gujarat, India, is the country’s first smart city under the Special Economic Zone. Now the question arises: Who holds the reins of regulation within this City? In this blog, we will discuss the regulatory body at GIFT City, which is the International Financial Services Centre Authority (IFSCA).

How IFSCA became the regulatory authority in GIFT City?

  • In December 2015, India inaugurated its first International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) within the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City).

  • Subsequently, in 2019, the Government of India passed the International Financial Services Centres Authority Act, 2019 through the Parliament, laying the regulatory groundwork for the burgeoning IFSC ecosystem.

  • In April 2020, the Government of India established the International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) under the International Financial Services Centers Authority Act. This move marked a significant milestone in India’s journey toward becoming a global financial hub.

  • IFSCA serves as the unified regulator for the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) at GIFT City. It consolidates the regulatory powers of four prominent financial services regulators in India, namely the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI), Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of India (IRDAI), and Pension Fund Regulatory Development Authority of India (PFRDAI).

What is the objective of IFSCA in GIFT City?

The Gujarat Government and the Government of India (GOI) have collaborated to establish IFSC GIFT City, a high-end financial hub in India. The main objective of this initiative is to attract more foreign investments and enhance India’s competitiveness in the global economy. GIFT City is home to a diverse range of financial institutions, including both Indian and foreign banks, insurance providers, asset management companies, FinTech hubs, international exchanges, and capital market investment companies. The GOI regulates and approves IFSCs under the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Act, 2005, and GIFT City has been designated as a multi-service SEZ, also known as GIFT SEZ.

What are the IFSCA business activities?

1. Banks

  • Indian banks
  • Foreign banks

2. Insurance

  • Indian & Foreign Insurer
  • Indian & Foreign Reinsurer
  • Indian & Foreign Intermediaries

3. Capital Market

  • Stock /Commodity  Exchanges
  • Clearing Corporation
  • Depository
  • Broker
  • Registrar/Share Transfer Agent

4. Asset Management

  • Pension Fund Services
  • Alternate Investment Fund
  • Investment Advisers
  • Wealth Management
  • Portfolio Manager
  • Custodial Services
  • Trust Services

5. Allied / Support Services

  • Global In-house centers
  • Aircraft Leasing & Financing
  • Fintech Hub
  • Accounting & Audit Services
  • Legal & Consultancy Services
  • R&D Services

What can IFSCA offer as a regulatory agency of GIFT City?

  • Access to a vast hinterland economy.
  • Establish a connection between India and its approximately 30 million strong diaspora worldwide via the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC).
  • Opportunity to tap into the international market.
  • Establishing connections between India and global markets through the IFSC.
  • Serve as a gateway for both inbound and outbound international financial services.
  • India is projected to benefit from an estimated USD 120 billion worth of international financial services by 2025.
  • It offers the potential to become the world’s leading Global In-house center, offering the most competitive cost structure on a global scale.
  • It offers access to India’s inaugural International Bullion Spot Exchange.
  • Attract global innovators through the fintech regulatory sandbox initiative.

What is the role of the regulatory authority IFSCA?

  • The IFSCA is an authority that oversees the development and regulation of financial products, services, and institutions in the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in India. It serves as a unified regulator, replacing the previous domestic financial regulators such as RBI, SEBI, PFRDA, and IRDAI.

  • The establishment of IFSCA was necessary due to the dynamic nature of business in the IFSCs, which requires a high level of coordination among different regulatory bodies. Its main goal is to create a conducive environment for doing business in the IFSC and to provide a world-class regulatory framework.

  • The IFSCA aims to strengthen India’s global connections and focus on the needs of the Indian economy. It also serves as an international financial platform for the entire region and the global economy, contributing to the growth and development of the financial sector.


The International Financial Services Centers Authority (IFSCA) is the regulatory body for the GIFT International Financial Services Centre, and it plays a pivotal role in overseeing and regulating the overall functioning of Gift City. With its robust regulatory framework and unified regulation, GIFT City is well-positioned to emerge as a leading fund-raising destination for both Indian and foreign issuers and as a global hub for fin-tech start-ups.


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Author: dharmik-joshi

Dharmik Joshi is a student currently pursuing Business Management and Administration. He is passionate about presenting his thoughts in writing. Alongside his academic pursuits, Dharmik is actively involved in various extracurricular activities. He enjoys communicating with people and sharing things with others. He is more focused on the learning process and wants to gain more knowledge.

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