What is Business Structure in the USA, Legal Business Structure, Different type of business Structure in US, Type of Business Structure, Ebizfiling

A complete guide to Different types of Legal Business Structure in the US and “What is Business Structure in the USA?”

Everything from day-to-day operations to taxes and how much of your personal assets are at stake is influenced by the business structure you choose. Choose a business structure that provides you with the perfect mix of legal protections and rewards. In this article information on “What is Business Structure in the USA?” And Different types of Business Structure in the US are mentioned.



In terms of purpose, selecting a corporate structure can be divided into several categories. One is security. Each structure gives a distinct level of protection. The second goal is to manage taxes as a separate company, allowing you to take advantage of all of the available write-offs and exemptions. You also have the advantage of obtaining health benefits packages not available to people as a distinct business.

What is Business Structure in the USA?

The legal structure of an organization recognized in a specific jurisdiction is referred to as its business structure. The legal form of a company determines what activities it can engage in, such as raising money, assuming responsibility for the company’s responsibilities, and the amount of taxes it owes to the taxing authorities.


Before deciding on a legal structure, business owners should analyze their objectives and goals, as well as the characteristics of each business structure. In the United States, the four most common business structures are LLC (Limited Liability Company), Sole Proprietorship, Corporation, and Partnership.

Different types of Legal Business Structure in US

  • Sole Proprietorship Business Legal Structure

A sole proprietorship is simple to set up and provides you with total control over your company. If you operate a business but do not register as another type of business, you are automatically deemed a sole proprietorship.


Sole proprietorships do not have their own legal entity. This means that your commercial assets and liabilities are not separate from yourself. You may be held personally accountable for the company’s debts and obligations. A trade name can still be obtained by sole proprietors. Because you cannot sell a stock, it might be difficult to raise funds, and banks are unwilling to lend to Sole Proprietorships.


Sole proprietorships are a fantastic option for low-risk firms and owners who want to put their business idea to the test before joining a more formal company.

  • LLC (Limited Liability Company)

LLC (Limited Liability Company) is a hybrid business structure that incorporates the finest features of both partnerships and corporations. It shields business owners from personal accountability while also reducing tax and regulatory burdens. The profits and losses of the business are distributed to the owners, who are required to report a portion of the profits and losses on their Tax Returns.


In addition, unlike an S-corporation, which has a limit of 100 stockholders, a limited liability company has no such restriction. The entity must file its articles of association with the Secretary of State where it intends to do business when forming a limited liability company. The entity may be needed to submit an operating agreement in some states.


One of the advantages of starting a limited liability company over a corporation is that it comes with less restrictions. There is less paperwork, and the owners have limited responsibility, which protects their assets from being auctioned to cover the entity’s liabilities. There are no restrictions on how many shareholders a limited liability company can appoint.


On the downside, forming a limited liability company is costly since it must register with the state in which it wishes to operate. To guarantee that it conforms with tax and regulatory obligations, the organization may need to hire an accountant and an attorney.

  • Partnership

A partnership is a business structure in which two or more people share ownership. For a company with two or more proprietors, this is the most basic business structure. A partnership and a sole proprietorship have a lot in common. Because the business does not exist as a separate legal entity from its owners, the owners and the entity are considered as if they were one person.


The profits and losses of the business are passed on to the partners when filing taxes, and each partner must submit the information on Form 1065 with their tax returns. In addition, depending on their portion of the company’s profits, partners must pay self-employment tax. Form 1065 should be accompanied with Schedule K-1, which records the gains or losses.


A partnership business arrangement has a number of benefits. There is less paperwork necessary in forming a partnership, and the partners are not required to meet the same level of criteria as limited liability firms. In addition, partnerships have a unique tax structure that requires participants to report their share of the business’s profit or loss on their tax returns.


On the downside, the partners are personally liable for the company’s debts and liabilities, and their personal assets may be liquidated to cover the company’s commitments. Disagreements between partners are also possible, which can slow down corporate operations.

  • Corporation

A corporation is a sort of company structure that distinguishes the entity from its owners legally. It is difficult and expensive to set up, and it demands owners to adhere to extra tax and regulatory requirements. Most businesses use solicitors to monitor the registration procedure and ensure that the company conforms with all applicable state legislation.


When an institution wants to go public by selling common stock to the public, it must first become a corporation. Corporations must pay both federal and state taxes, while shareholders must report dividend distributions on their Income Tax Returns.


C-corporations and S-corporations are the two most common types of corporations. A C-corporation is a legal entity independent from its owners, whereas an S-corporation can have up to 100 shareholders and operates similarly to a partnership.


The ability to raise cash is one of the benefits of a company structure. The company can raise a lot of money by selling stock to the public. In addition, the corporate form comes with restricted personal liability, which protects the owners from the company’s debts, responsibilities, and duties. A corporation, on the other hand, has more requirements, such as meetings, voting, and director elections, and it is more expensive to incorporate than a Sole Proprietorship or Partnership.

What is Business Structure in the USA, Legal Business Structure, Different type of business Structure in US, Type of Business Structure, Ebizfiling


Your business structure has an impact on how much tax you pay, how much money you can raise, how much paperwork you have to file, and your personal liability. Before you register your business with the state, you will need to decide on a business structure. Most firms will also need to obtain a tax identification number and apply for the necessary licenses and permissions.


While you may be able to change your business structure in the future, your location may limit your options. This could have tax implications as well as unexpected dissolution, among other issues.

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Author: zarana-mehta

Zarana Mehta is an MBA in Finance from Gujarat Technology University. Though having a masters degree in Business Administration, her upbeat and optimistic approach for changes led her to pursue her passion i.e. Creative writing. She is currently working as Content Writer at Ebizfiling.

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