One-person company registration, OPC in India, OPC registration, Company registration in India, Ebizfiling

Tax Implications for One-Person Company Registration in India for NRIs


One-Person Company registration is a popular choice for entrepreneurs and small business owners in India, offering the benefits of limited liability and a separate legal identity. With the ease of doing business in India and the availability of various business structures, NRIs (Non-Resident Indians) often consider OPC registration to establish their ventures in their home country. However, it is essential to understand the tax implications associated with one-person company registration in India for NRIs. This article aims to explore the tax considerations and implications that NRIs should be aware of when setting up a one-person company in India. By gaining insights into the tax aspects, NRIs can make informed decisions and ensure compliance with the Indian tax laws while establishing and operating an OPC in India.

What is a One-Person Company?

One-person companies (OPCs) are a form of business structure that allows a single individual to own and operate a firm. In India, one-person companies (OPCs) are governed by the Companies Act, 2013. An OPC is a combination of a single proprietorship and a business. Similar to a private limited company, it offers the advantages of limited liability and a separate legal entity while being simpler to run and maintain than a sole proprietorship.

Listed below are certain Tax Implications for NRIs registering an OPC in India:

As an NRI registering an OPC in India, you will need to be aware of the tax implications that come with this decision. Here are a few key points to keep in mind:

  1. Goods and Services Tax (GST): An OPC in India is required to comply with the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regulations if its annual turnover exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs (or Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states). The registration process is done online through the GST portal.

  1. Tax residency status: NRIs are subject to taxes in India depending on where they reside. You will pay taxes on your worldwide income if India is your tax residence. If you are a non-resident, you will only be taxed on your income earned in India. So, before registering your OPC, it is crucial to ascertain your tax resident status.

  1. Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA): India has signed a double taxation avoidance agreement (DTAA) treaty with several nations to prevent double taxation on income produced in both countries. If your country of residence has a DTAA agreement with India, you can claim a tax credit for the tax paid in India. The countries under the DTAA are provided relief from double taxation.

  1. Tax rates: In India, NRIs and local Indians pay the same amount of tax on OPCs. However, the tax rates for NRIs may vary depending on the country of residence and the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between India and that country.

  1. Compliance: OPCs in India are required to comply with several tax laws, including timely filing of tax reports and keeping accurate records of all business dealings. Penalties and fines may be assessed for failure to comply with tax regulations.

  1. Withholding Tax: If the OPC makes payment to NRIs for services rendered, the payment may be subject to withholding tax. The rate of withholding tax varies depending on the nature of the payment and the DTAA between India and the NRI’s country of residence.

  1. Repatriation of profits: NRIs are permitted to repatriate profits from their OPC in India as long as they comply with the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) rules and regulations.


Establishing a one-person company registration in India offers numerous benefits to NRIs looking to invest in their home country. However, NRI understands the tax implications associated with OPC registration in India to ensure compliance with the applicable tax laws. By considering factors such as residency status, income sources, and double taxation agreements, NRIs can effectively manage their tax obligations while operating an OPC in India.

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