Section 43B: Dis-allowance for delayed Payment to MSMEs

All about the Income Tax Act Section 43B: Dis-allowance for delayed Payment to MSMEs


The Income Tax Act of a country plays a crucial role in governing the taxation system and ensuring fair practices. One such important provision within the Income Tax Act is Section 43B, which deals with the dis-allowance of expenses for delayed payment to Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). This provision aims to protect the interests of MSMEs by ensuring timely payments and fostering a healthy business environment. In this article, we will delve into the details of Section 43B and explore its significance in promoting the growth and expansion of MSMEs.

What is Section 43B?

Section 43B of the Income Tax Act provides for certain deductions to be allowed only on actual payment. The section deals with various payments, including taxes, duties, and contributions to welfare funds. The Finance Bill 2023 has proposed to amend Section 43B to introduce a new addition to dis-allowance for transactions with MSMEs where timely payments are not made. This means that if a taxpayer fails to make timely payments to MSMEs, they will not be able to claim a deduction for the transaction.


The purpose of this provision is twofold. Firstly, it ensures that MSMEs receive their due payments on time, preventing any financial hardships they may face due to delayed cash flows. Secondly, it discourages the practice of deliberate delay in payments by businesses, promoting ethical and fair trade practices in the business ecosystem.

What are the Implications of the Amendment to Section 43B of Income Tax Act?

The following are the implications of the amendment to section 43B of the Income Tax Act-:

  1. Protection for MSMEs: The amendment to Section 43B provides a protective shield for MSMEs by ensuring timely payments for their goods and services. This protection helps MSMEs maintain a steady cash flow and prevents financial hardships that may arise due to delayed payments.

  1. Encourages Fair Trade Practices: The provision discourages the practice of deliberate delay in payments by businesses. It promotes ethical and fair trade practices by imposing consequences on those who fail to make payments within the specified time frame.

  1. Enhanced Confidence for MSMEs: Timely payments instill confidence among MSMEs, encouraging them to actively participate in business transactions. The provision fosters a healthy business environment, where MSMEs can trust that their payments will be made on time, allowing them to focus on growth and expansion.

  1. Improved Cash Flow Management: Timely payments resulting from the amendment enable growth and expansion of MSMEs to better manage their cash flows. They can meet their financial obligations, pay their suppliers promptly, and invest in business development activities without facing cash flow crunches.

  1. Reduction in Financial Strain: Delayed payments can significantly impact the financial stability of MSMEs. By disallowing expenses for delayed payments, the amendment helps alleviate the financial strain on these enterprises and supports their sustainability.

  1. Business Growth and Expansion: The provision contributes to the growth and expansion of MSMEs. With a reliable payment system in place, MSMEs can plan their operations, invest in technology upgrades, hire skilled employees, and explore new business opportunities, thereby fueling their growth trajectory.

  1. Contribution to Economic Development: MSMEs play a vital role in the economy by generating employment opportunities and fostering innovation. Ensuring prompt payment to MSMEs under the amended Section 43B creates a conducive environment for their growth, which, in turn, contributes to overall economic development.

  1. Compliance and Tax Revenue: The amendment encourages businesses to comply with the specified time frame for payment to MSMEs. This leads to increased tax compliance and helps the government in generating tax revenue, which can be utilized for public welfare and infrastructure development.

  1. Legal Consequences: Non-compliance with the amendment can have legal consequences for businesses. Failure to make payments within the specified time frame may result in disallowed expenses, leading to additional tax liabilities and potential penalties.

  1. Strengthening MSMEs in Supply Chains: The provision can strengthen MSMEs’ position in supply chains. Timely payments enable MSMEs to maintain healthy relationships with their suppliers and build trust with larger businesses, potentially leading to increased participation in supply chain activities.


Section 43B of the Income Tax Act serves as a protective measure for MSMEs, ensuring that they receive timely payments for their goods and services. By disallowing expenses for delayed payments, this provision promotes fair trade practices and discourages deliberate delays by businesses. This provision ensures that businesses cannot claim deductions for expenses related to goods or services if the payment is not made within a specified time frame.

Pallavi Dadhich: Pallavi is an ambitious English Literature student with a profound knowledge of content writing. Her SEO skills complement her content writing profile. She has a strong interest in expanding her set of skills by reading and learning. She is eager to experiment with creative writing styles while maintaining strong and informational content.
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